The Miracle of the Multiplication of the loaves and fishes—Matthew 14:14-22; Mark 6:30-44; Luke 9:10-17; John 6:1-14
Jesus Christ’s miracle of the multiplication of the loaves and fishes to feed the multitude of people is reported in all four of the Gospels: Matthew 14:14-22; Mark 6:30-44; Luke 9:10-17; and, John 6:1-14. In this reading, Jesus calls the Apostles to find food for the people to eat. He then blesses the food and gives it to the Apostles to feed the people.
Biblical scholars see various meanings in this scripture reading. Some biblical scholars conclude that this miracle performed by Jesus is a calling to His Apostles to carry on His teaching of table fellowship with those who believe – the Holy Eucharist – which is realized as the Apostles establish the Christian Church after Pentecost and the first Divine Liturgies are celebrated. Some biblical scholars also see a correlation in this miracle with the Old Testament: the five loaves of bread representing the five books of the Torah; the 2 fish representing the two communities, Jews and Gentiles, who are present at this miracle in Matthew 14:14-22; and, the twelve baskets of food representing the twelve tribes of Israel who are led by the twelve Apostles toward Salvation emphasizing the fullness of Israel, the fullness of the faith, and the oneness of the new messianic community in Christ Jesus.
This miracle also teaches that God has dominion over nature and what is provided for our sustenance and well being is through God’s Grace for which we should always give thanksgiving and praise to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit.
References: The New Testament, Vol 1, 2, 4, Paul Tarazi; The Gospel of Matthew, Torah for the Church, Lawrence Farley; The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, Gaebelein; KJV.